Paulownia trees are unique varieties of hardwood plants that are deciduous in nature. This wood has huge leaves which are serrated at the tips. It produces a bright purple white floral material that has an attractive fragrance. The plant thrives in a variety of soils. They are able to tolerate high temperature ranges. An immature tree develops fifteen to eighteen ft.in size whereas a mature one can attain a max of sixty ft. Above the soil.
These unique varieties are said to originate from China. History suggests that this tree reached America in the year 1880s. It was brought by long distance travelers who used transit between china and America. It is said that the Chinese dinnerware and other utensils used to be wrapped with this plant while on transit. The plant would then shed its seed which would be thrown off to the farms in America. They would then grow without any care.
Paulownia tree can grow in any terrain. It does not need a lot of care like the other hardwood types. Its growth is approximated to be eight to ten years from where it can be harvested. Once harvested, stump of the tree sprout again. This gives the farmer an advantage as they are not required to go back to tree nursery beds to pick new ones. This tree is used to make furniture, musical instruments and packing boxes. In China, the tree is used as a source of firewood and in the manufacture of windows and doors for their houses.
The development of this tree offers several ecological benefits. They absorb various environmental pollutants like salts and hog. They control the water level. The reason being that their roots stretches so deep around forty ft. Eliminating almost all harmful salts that are in the water. Furthermore, the tree reduces soil abrasion.That explains why they are very popular in those areas that are prone to soil erosion. They hold the soil so firmly that no erosion takes place.
Although the plants can grow without any care, they can be made to grow fast if sufficient conditions of water, sunlight and plant food are provided. The soils in which the tree should be grown need to be well drained. Care should be taken not to plant the trees in watery soils as they will be attacked by fungal disease and eventually die.
The trees should be subjected to sufficient sunlight. Make sure that plants are not blocked from reaching sunlight by any other object. They should be able fully exposed to the sun. Ensure that the canopies of the plant are way above the rest of the trees. This will expose the plant to sufficient sunlight will make it carry its photosynthesis process very well.
Fertilizer provides the necessary food for this plant. Ammonia nitrate is the recommended fertilizer. It should be applied in the ratio of 30:0:0. This fertilizer has a duo benefit of providing nutrients as well as eliminating any weed which grows around the tree.
Weed, insect and fungi control need to be done on all these plants. Weed should be controlled through mowing, tilling or by the use of herbicides. Insect control on the other hand should be done on regular basis using insecticides while fungi should be controlled by spraying the paulownia trees with the correct fungicides.
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