Important Elements Of Koi Pond Design New Jersey Customers Will Find Useful

Koi ponds have an enchanting charm about them and make a lovely addition to one’s property. However proper care must be given to their planning, installation, and maintenance in order for these playful, brightly-colored fish to thrive. If considering koi pond design New Jersey property owners must first learn what features these structures require if they are to look nice and keep their inhabitants healthy.

Building the pond a size large enough to accommodate this species’ rapid growth and allowing space for more fish to be added later but not so large that the fish “disappear” inside it and cannot be easily seen is important. The smallest appropriate size is 1500 gallons and the largest is 15,000 gallons. The sides should be steep and without steps or ledges, and the depth needs to be at least 6 feet to provide ample exercise room for the fish and to deter predatory animals.

Location is another important thing to decide. An area with some shade is a better choice than in full sun as it deters excessive algae growth and overheating of the water. It’s not a good idea to build it beside pine trees, as their needles may drop in the water and potentially harm the filtration pump.

Ponds can have either rubber liners or be filled with concrete. Concrete, if properly planned and plumbed can last a very long time and has a neat appearance, but the nature of concrete tends to elevate the pH of the water too much initially, this can be remedied by applying a rubber coating to it. Rubber liners offer more flexibility and the possibility to make changes if needed, and it also encourages a more ideal pH level. The downside of using a liner is that it may be hard to disguise its edges.

The filter is essential to the healthy operation of the pond as it both removes wastes and impurities from the water and converts ammonia compounds into harmless nitrates. A larger filter is normally best to meet the pond’s filtration needs. Larger pipes are also recommended because they lower the pressure required for the pump to circulate the water, resulting in reduced operating costs.

There must also be at least one drain in the pond’s bottom for proper waste filtration. It’s not advisable to put rocks in the bottom since they act as traps for leaves and other matter which will decay and promote bacterial growth. A skimmer is handy for maintaining a clean surface free of organic debris.

Installing jets provides a current which the fish enjoy swimming in, increases the efficiency of the skimmer by directing leaves into it, and it also boosts the oxygen level in the water. Adding lights improves the pond’s appearance and makes it easier to see the fish, and ultraviolet lights can help reduce growth of algae.

Planning and executing the design and construction of koi ponds is a joint effort between both the customer and the professional he or she hires to make this vision a reality. The contractor should offer experience and provable skill for building ponds but also be mindful of the customer’s personal preferences.

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